What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents If You're In An Accident Do you know what to do if you're in a car accident? Dog Bites Neighbor. Now What? Even dogs have bad days. So, what happens when your dog bites a neighbor or passing pedestrian? Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.